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Dual-Boot: Install Linux Fedora 14 on a Windows Vista computer with two(+) hard disks (Vista installed first and Vista still controlling startup after Linux installation)

Last reviewed: May 2011

October 2013: This is the new location for this page on this site. Please update your link or bookmark.


If you have two or more hard disks, this guide shows how to leave Windows Vista unaltered when you create a natural dual-boot of Windows Vista and Fedora 14 if Windows Vista is installed first. The Windows Vista boot loader will stay in control (not Linux's GRUB). You can then run either by selecting one from a Windows Vista menu during bootup. No data loss will occur and a third-party boot utility is not used.

The example shown here puts Fedora on the second hard disk but it's similar with more than two disks.

You must also use these instructions if you wish to install Fedora on the first (win7) disk when there is a second disk - you'll need to shrink the Windows Vista drive to make room for Fedora if installing Fedora on the first hard disk.

However if you have only one hard disk, you must use the instructions on Install Dual-Boot of Linux Fedora 14 on Windows Vista computer.

If you wish Linux Fedora's GRUB to be in control of the dual-boot, go to Dual-boot 7 + Linux Fedora 14 (Linux/GRUB control) (Vista installed first)

32 and 64-bit versions of Windows Vista were used in testing The computers used were (1) a 32-bit Dell Optiplex with Pentium 4 (2.26GHz), 2.0 GB RAM, 160 GB ATA hard disk, and (2) AMD Athlon 64-bit (2.4GHz), 2.0 GB RAM, 1 TB SATA hard disk.

Following these instructions correctly should always succeed. However, any change to your computer should not even be considered unless you have a rescue plan. This guide also contains that rescue plan - just in case!

The procedure used is suitable for experienced computer users.

Important Installation Notes

EasyBCD. The highly-acclaimed EasyBCD is a free editing utility that allows any user to easily edit the Windows 8, 7 or Vista boot menu (the BCD or Boot Configuration Data). Some settings, not used here, are very advanced. EasyBCD works in Windows 8, 7 and Vista, but also in Windows XP if you first install Microsoft's .NET 2.0 Framework.

Hidden Active Partition. Many Windows Vista users will have a small Primary disk partition(s) that's marked active and is hidden (but is visible under Disk Management in Windows Vista). This must be counted if you want to create a new Primary.

Shrinking a Windows 8, 7 or Vista drive. You should use Shrink in Windows' Disk Management to resize the Windows partition. You can read Shrink the Windows 8. 7 or Vista Partition for instructions on completing this task successfully. Use the free GParted Live CD to gain disk space only if you must - read the page Use GParted to Resize the Windows 8, 7 or Vista Partition to learn how.

Make Partition Active

Repeated tests with Fedora 14 have shown it does not alter the location of the Active partition in creating this dual-boot. However previous version(s) sometimes incorrectly placed the Active marker on the Fedora drive and this had then to be changed back to the original location.

It is unlikely you will encounter this situation but should be prepared in advance - just in case! For information on how to change the Active partition, read here.

SUMMARY of Procedure with two or more hard disks (Advanced Users)

  1. Backup.
  2. Create Unallocated (free) space for Linux on 2nd/3rd hard disk or at end of Windows disk (use Vista's Shrink).
    Note which partition is marked Active.
  3. Install Linux Fedora 14 on the free space
    - select "Create custom layout", select the correct drive, and create EXT4 & Swap partitions in Free space
    - in "Install boot loader on ...", select "First sector of boot partition - /dev/sd**".
  4. If Vista fails to boot (unlikely), make the originally active partition Active again.
  5. Use the free EasyBCD 2.1 utility to add Fedora 14 to Windows boot loader - select "GRUB (legacy)".

That's it! The Windows boot loader menu will boot Linux Fedora 14 and Windows Vista.

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Install Linux Fedora 14 on first or other disk when Windows Vista was installed on first

It's the nature of a step-by-step that it appears long and difficult. Not so!

These instructions apply only if you have two or more hard disks even if installing on the first.

Installing other operating systems on your Windows Vista computer may invalidate your warrantee.

It's important to follow the instructions exactly as stated and you should have a properly working Windows.


  • Installation CD/DVD for Linux and preferably Vista's DVD.
  • A first hard disk that uses only NTFS and contains a correctly working Windows Vista.
  • More than one hard disk must be in your computer.

A. Make your preparations

  1. Backup important data before making any changes to a partition. You can burn files to a CD, clone an image of your hard disk, copy files to a USB flash/pen/thumb drive, or use an USB external drive (a good choice)
  2. Download Fedora 14 Live CD, standard or 64-bit version from You can use the excellent free GetRight download manager to help with the large download. Create the Fedora Live DVD from the downloaded .ISO file.
  3. Download Neosmart's EasyBCD 2.1 (free - simplifies editing the Win8/7/Vista boot loader).
    • Copy EasyBCD to a new EasyBCD folder on the Windows Vista drive.
    Optional: Download NeoSmart's free Windows Vista System Recovery Disk if your Vista DVD is missing!
  4. Make sure all hard disks are installed before you start.
    Disconnect all unnecessary external devices before you start.

B Make free space (Unallocated) for Fedora 14

You must create disk space and leave it as Unallocated or Free (not formatted). Decide first on how much disk space you wish to allocate to Linux and if you will create an extra partition (/home) for your Linux data. This data partition can be left intact should you wish wish to reinstall Linux at a later time. The Swap area size should be about twice your RAM size but you should allow less than twice if you have a lot of RAM.

Make a note of the size of the Free/Unallocated space.

If installing on a 2nd or 3rd hard disk:

  • You should have no trouble using Vista's Shrink in Disk Management to create Free space.
  • Restart Windows when finished.
  • Then skip from here to C. Install ...

If installing on the first hard disk:

This applies only if you are installing on the first hard disk and you must make the Windows partition smaller.

  1. Restart computer correctly (close all programs/software before you Restart).
  2. Open Disk Management in Windows Vista (right-click Computer, select Manage, click Disk Management).
    • Right-click the Vista volume, and click Shrink Volume.
      • In Enter the amount of space to shrink in MB: enter enough for Linux and its Swap file.
      • Click the Shrink button (it may take some time!).
      If Shrink does not give you sufficient Unallocated space, read how to Shrink the Windows 8, 7 or Windows Vista Partition for instructions or use the free GParted Live CD. Then return here.
  3. Restart to Windows Vista.
    • Open Disk Management and check that the change made is correct.

C. Install Fedora 14

Raid/LVM was not an issue when testing so partitions were created manually during installation. Fedora was installed with Grub installed to a Linux EXT4 partition. The originally Active partition always remained Active after Fedora 14 installation so Windows then booted automatically. Finally EasyBCD created the Fedora 14 entry in Vista's boot manager thereby creating the Windows dual-boot.

  1. Bootup from the Linux Fedora 14 Live CD.
    Double-click the Install to Hard Drive Desktop icon.
  2. Click Next and then select the appropriate keyboard.
    Then select Basic Storage Devices (unless you have a non-standard setup).
    Enter a name for identification.
    Select the correct city for your time-zone.
    Create a Root Password of your choice (and remember it!).
  3. Select Create Custom Layout in the next screen (that's VERY important).
    • In Please Select A Device, highlight the Free space (check the Size) you created for Fedora on the correct hard disk, and click the Create button (sda=1st disk, sdb=2nd, sdc=3rd).
    • In Create Storage, select Standard Partition, and click Create.
      The Add Partition window will open. First create the Linux EXT4 partition.
      • In Mount Point:, select / (a forward slash).
      • In File System Type:, select ext4
      • In Allowable Drives, all drives can be enabled
      • In Size (MB):, enter all available space (for Fedora) except 2 GB (for the Swap File)
      • Leave Fixed size checked.
      • Click the OK button.

    • Back in Please Select A Device, note the name allocated to the new Device (like sda3, sdb1, sdc5).
    • Now highlight the remaining Free space on the same drive, and click the Create button.
      In Create Storage, select Standard Partition, and click Create.
      The Add Partition will open. Now create the Swap partition.
      • In Mount Point:, leave it blank.
      • In File System Type: drop-down, select swap.
      • In Allowable Drives, enable ONLY the drive used by Fedora (like sda or sdb or sdc).
      • Tick to enable Fill to maximum allowable size
      • Click the OK button

      Take a moment to look at the partitions to be created and Formatted.
      They're marked with a tick and no other partition should be ticked.

      Click NEXT when ready, or click Back to recreate partitions.

      Then click Go back if unhappy with the proposed changes.
      Click Write changes to disk when ready and now the new partitions will be created & formatted.

    • The next screen is vital to ensure the correct location for GRUB.
      • Tick Install boot loader on ..., and click the Change device button.
        Select First sector of boot partition - /dev/sd** and click OK
        (/dev/sd** is the Device name you noted above).
      • Using a boot loader password is optional.
      • Under Boot loader operating system list, Fedora should be ticked (set as the Default).
        The "Other" boot option is for Vista - highlight it and use Delete to remove it (strongly recommended).
      • Click Next.
    • The install process will start now. Click Close when it's completed.
  4. Restart your computer when installation is completed (remove the Fedora Live CD). Windows Vista will boot automatically (if not, make the originally active NTFS partition Active again - read above).

    We can now use EasyBCD 2.1 to add Linux Fedora 14 to the Windows boot loader menu.

D. Place Linux Fedora 14 boot option in Windows boot loader

  1. Restart to Windows Vista
  2. Install and run EasyBCD 2.1.
    Click Add New Entry in the left pane.
    • Click the Linux BSD tab under Operating Systems in upper right pane.
      • In Type, select Grub (Legacy) in the drop-down (do not use GRUB 2).
      • In Name, use a name like Linux Fedora 14.
      • In Device, select the Fedora Partition ... from the drive drop-down list (Drive1 = 2nd disk)
        - it's Partition * (Linux - * GiB) on the selected drive - check the size (1 GiB = 1 GB approx.).
      • You can leave the Use EasyBCD's copy of GRUB check box unchecked (disabled).
      • Click Add Entry in the same pane and wait a few moments while EasyBCD locates Fedora.
    • Optionally, you can now modify the timeout of the boot loader menu
      - click the Edit Boot Menu (left pane) and set the Boot default OS after to about 5 seconds.
    • Exit EasyBCD.
  3. Restart computer. Select Linux Fedora 14 from the Windows Vista boot menu and finish its installation.

Congratulations!You have created a natural dual-boot of Windows Vista and Linux Fedora 14 with Windows still in control when Windows Vista was installed first and you had more than one hard disk.

Footnote: EasyBCD 2.1 creates an NST folder on the root of the Windows partition when it adds an operating system to the Windows Vista boot loader. This NST folder contains one or two files vital to booting the added OS. Be sure you do not accidentally delete it.

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Uninstall/Remove Linux and reclaim space

Linux Fedora is wonderful, regularly updated, and it's free! Nevertheless you may wish to remove it at some stage. Removing Fedora from this dual-boot, and regaining its disk space, is quick and painless.

  1. Run EasyBCD in Windows Vista.
    • Click Edit Boot Menu.
      • Highlight the Linux entry.
      • Click the Delete button.
      • Click the Save Settings button.
    • Exit EasyBCD.
  2. Open Disk Management (right-click Computer, select Manage, click Disk Management).
    • Right-click the Swap partition, select Delete Volume..., click Yes.
    • Right-click the Swap partition, select Delete Partition, click Yes - required for Logical partitions only.
    • Right-click the Linux partition, select Delete Volume..., click Yes.
    • Right-click the partition to the left of Unallocated, select Extend Volume...,
      and click Next to use the maximum space for Windows, and then Finish.
      Alternatively, create a new partition in the Unallocated space and Format it.

In just a few second you will have all the Linux space back in Vista. Restart computer.

Note: EasyBCD has an Uninstall shortcut in Start > All Programs > NeoSmart Technologies.

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You will not have any problem if you follow the instructions as stated above. However you might encounter some freak occurrence like a power failure during an installation. Windows Vista should always boot again if you execute the following procedure.

  1. First check that the originally active partition is marked Active (it's probably the Vista partition) - read Make NTFS Partition Active.
  2. Bootup any Windows 8, 7 or Vista installation DVD or even from NeoSmart's free Windows Vista System Recovery Disk.
    It must be a 64-bit version if a 64-bit Windows is installed.
    • Press a key when you see Press any key to boot from a CD or DVD.
    • Select your Language and then Time....
    • Select Repair your computer (bottom left of the Install now screen).
      An automatic check of your system will run.
    • Click Repair and restart
      Windows Vista should boot normally (very likely). If not, continue here.
  3. Bootup from the Windows Vista installation DVD again
    • Select Repair your computer again.
    • In System Recovery Options, select Windows Vista, and click Next.
    • Click Startup Repair.
    • Click Finish when it's complete, and then Restart.
    • You must let CheckDisk run if requested.
      Windows Vista should boot normally.

If still stuck for a solution, boot again from the installation DVD, select Repair your computer, highlight Windows Vista, get to a Command Prompt, use DIR command (DIR C: or DIR D: etc.) to identify drive letter allocations (sizes and Labels will help), and type in:
bootrec /FixMbr
bootrec /FixBoot
bootrec /RebuildBcd
X:\boot\bootsect.exe /nt60 C:
  (where X: is your DVD drive letter, and C: is the installation drive for Windows Vista).
EXIT, and click Restart. Remove the DVD.

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Help! I get only the GRUB boot menu!

If you only get a GRUB boot menu on bootup, then GRUB was mistakenly installed to the Active partition, (hd0) - probably the Windows partition. The Windows boot loader has been overwritten by the Linux version but it's easily recovered.

How to reinstall/recover the Windows 8, 7 or Vista boot loader (BCD)

  1. Bootup any Windows 8, 7 or Vista installation DVD or even from NeoSmart's free Windows Vista System Recovery Disk.
    It must be a 64-bit version if a 64-bit Windows is installed.
    • Press a key when you see Press any key to boot from a CD or DVD.
    • Select your Language and then Time....
    • Select Repair your computer (bottom left of the Install now screen).
      An automatic check of your system will run but will not identify GRUB control!
    • In System Recovery Options, highlight Windows Vista, and click Next.
    • Click Command Prompt in System Recovery Options.
      • Type in (and press ENTER)
        Bootrec.exe /fixmbr
        (GRUB will be overwritten and the Windows boot loader reinstalled).
    • Now click Startup Repair in System Recovery Options.
    • Restart computer.
      Windows Vista should boot as originally.

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Related Reading

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Please remember that you alone are responsible for the consequences of any changes you make to your computer hardware or software.

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